Crémant is a type of sparkling wine that is made using the traditional method, also known as méthode champenoise. This means that the wine undergoes a secondary fermentation in the bottle, which creates the bubbles. This secondary fermentation is created by, after filling the bottle with a finished and still wine, adding a new addition of sugar and yeast and then closing up the bottle. The secondary fermentation takes place and creates CO2 but since it's now locked in the bottle the CO2 form bubbles in the juice.
Unlike Champagne, which can only be produced in the Champagne region of France, Crémant can be made in other regions of France using a variety of grape varieties. Some of the most common regions for Crémant production include Alsace, Burgundy, and the Loire Valley.
Crémant wines are often considered to be an affordable alternative to Champagne, with similar flavors and effervescence at a lower price point. However, they also have their own distinct characteristics, depending on the region and grape varieties used. For example, Crémant d'Alsace is typically made from Pinot Blanc, Pinot Gris, and Riesling grapes, and has a crisp, dry flavor with notes of apple and citrus. Crémant de Bourgogne, on the other hand, is typically made from Chardonnay and Pinot Noir grapes and has a slightly richer, creamier flavor.
Like Champagne, Crémant wines are typically aged for a period of time before release, which can help to develop more complex flavors and aromas. This aging process can vary depending on the producer and the region, but many Crémant wines are aged for at least 12-18 months before release.
So: Crémant is a type of sparkling wine that is made using the traditional method and can be produced in various regions of France using a variety of grape varieties. These wines offer a more affordable alternative to Champagne while still providing a similar effervescence and flavor profile. Whether you prefer a crisp, dry Crémant d'Alsace or a richer, creamier Crémant de Bourgogne, there is a style of Crémant to suit every taste.
Crémant is also known as Methode Traditionelle, Sekt, Cava and Espumante, noting that like Champagne, Cava can only be made in a certain region in (mostly) the North-East of Spain.
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